Got Trees? Methods for Assessing Urban & Community
J. Morgan Grove, Anne Cumming, Mike Galvin, Guy
Hager, Austin Troy, Frank Rodgers, Erika Svendsen,
Jarlath O'Neil-Dunne, and Molly Michaud
Urban regions are increasingly important to the
social and environmental quality of our lives at
local, regional, national, and global scales.
Traditional, compartmentalized approaches to natural resource management in urban areas are no longer effective. Planners, managers, NGOs, and community groups demand new approaches that recognize the diversity of natural resource issues in urban areas and integrate social and ecological knowledge, data, and tools. The goal of this presentation is to
articulate and demonstrate a novel approach to planning and management for urban and community forestry.
We describe a forest opportunity spectrum (FOS) for urban and community forestry. We discuss the benefits of using this typology to classify urban areas and assess opportunities for urban and community forestry stewardship. We are careful to distinguish between strategic assessments-questions of what, why, where, and when-and tactical assessments-questions of who, how, and how much. This distinction between strategic and tactical assessments is important because policy makers and
planners might use differen data and analyses to
develop urban natural resource strategies than the data and analyses mangers and community groups might use to develop tactical plans. Ultimately, our goal in distinguishing between strategic and tactical assessments is not to emphasize one over the other, but to strengthen the linkages between these efforts. We apply our approach to Baltimore City, describing the physical, biological, and social data
and analysis we use.
Baltimore, forests, opportunities, management, social ecology